Ramadan Portal

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Significance of Ramadan & Fasting

Ramadan – This word literally means “One that Burns” According to scholars, in this month the Sins are burnt away… therefore it is called Ramadan.
•The Month of Ramadan begins when the new Crescent is sighted on the 29th of Shabaan, otherwise it starts after the 30 days of Shabaan are completed.
•It is the month during which prophet hood was granted to Muhammad (sallalahu alayhe wasallam)
•Quran was revealed in this month.
•The Lailatul Qadr, the night which is better than a thousand months falls in this month.
•Battle of Badr was fought in this month
•Makkah was recaptured by the Muslims in this month.
•The doors of heaven are opened in this month and the doors of hell are closed.
•Devils are chained in this month.
•Mercy is poured down to Earth.

Fasting was prescribed on the previous nations also and is obligatory on the Muslims. 

O you who have believed, decreed upon you is fasting as it was decreed upon those before you that you may become righteous.(Quran 2: 183)

The word “saum” is used for fasting in Arabic and its literal meaning is “to stop” or“to bring to a halt”. Thus it means to stop oneself from things which break the fast from dawn to dusk. F asting is obligatory on every adult, sane Muslim who has the ability to fast.

Fasting is only for Allah and its reward is only with Allah

The Prophet (saw) said, “(Allah said), ‘Every good deed of Adam’s son is for him except fasting; it is for Me. and I shall reward (the fasting person) for it. (Bukhari)
Two Pleasures for a fasting person
Prophet (saw) said: “There are two pleasures for the fasting person, one at the time of breaking his fast, and the other at the time when he will meet his Lord; then he will be pleased because of his fasting.”(Bukhari)

Allah loves the smell of the mouth of a fasting person

Prophet (saw) said, “Verily, the smell of the mouth of a fasting person is better to Allah than the smell of musk.” (Bukhari)
Ar-Raiyan is a special gate in Paradise exclusively for those who fast
The Prophet said, “There is a gate in Paradise called Ar-Raiyan, and those who observe fasts will enter through it on the Day of Resurrection and none except them will enter through it.”(Bukhari)

Sincere Fasting and Night Prayers erases all past sins

The Prophet (saw) said, “Whoever established prayers on the night of Qadr out of sincere faith and hoping for a reward from Allah, then all his previous sins will be forgiven; and whoever fasts in the month of Ramadan out of sincere faith, and hoping for a reward from Allah, then all his previous sins will be forgiven.”
The Prophet (saw) said: “Whoever establishes prayers during the nights of Ramadan faithfully out of sincere faith and hoping to attain Allah’s rewards (not for showing off), all his past sins will be forgiven.” (Bukhari)

Gates of Paradise are opened , Gates of Hell are closed and devils are chained

The Prophet (saw) said, “When the month of Ramadan comes, the gates of Paradise are opened and the gates of the (Hell) Fire are closed, and the devils are chained.”(Bukhari)

Superiority of Ramadan and Dhul-Hijjah

The Prophet (saw) said, “The two months of ‘Id i.e. Ramadan and Dhul-Hijja, do not decrease (in superiority).” (Bukhari)

 

How To Spend The Month Of Ramadan?

Studying Quran the top priority

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas: “Gabriel used to meet him (Rasool Allah (saw)) every night in Ramadan to study the Holy Quran carefully together.” (Bukhari)

Night Prayers

Narrated Abu Salma bin ‘Abdur Rahman: I asked ‘Aisha (ra), “How is the prayer of The Prophet (saw) during the month of Ramadan.” She said, “The Prophet (saw) never exceeded eleven Rakat in Ramadan or in other months; he used to offer four Rakat– do not ask me about their beauty and length, then four Rakat, do not ask me about their beauty and length, and then three Rakat.(Bukhari)

Taraweeh in Masjid e Nabawi 

Narrated ‘Aisha (ra), the mother of the faithful believers: One night The Prophet (saw) offered the prayer in the Mosque and the people followed him. The next night he also offered the prayer and too many people gathered. On the third and the fourth nights more people gathered, but The Prophet (saw) did not come out to them. In the morning he said, “I saw what you were doing and nothing but the fear that it (i.e. the prayer) might be made obligatory on you, stopped me from coming to you.” And that happened in the month of Ramadan. (Bukhari)
Note: Taraweeh prayer is established from the sunnah based on the above mentioned hadith. Rasool Allah himself led the Muslims in Taraweeh prayer for two days but gave up after that due to fear that it may become a compulsory (wajib) sunnah. It is a voluntary (nafil) prayer and is recommended during Ramadan.

Praying in the last Ten Days of Ramadan and Lailatul Qadr – Night of Decree
The Prophet (saw) said, “Search for the Night of Qadr in the odd nights of the last ten days of Ramadan. (Bukhari)
Narrated Aisha (ra): With the start of the last ten days of Ramadan, the Prophet (saw) used to tighten his waist belt (i.e. work hard) and used to pray all the night, and used to keep his family awake for the prayers. (Bukhari)

Observing Itekaf

Narrated Abdullah bin Umar: The Prophet (saw) used to practice Itikaf in the last ten days of the month of Ramadan. (Bukhari)
Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet (saw) used to perform Itikaf every year in the month of Ramadan for ten days, and when it was the year of his death, he stayed in Itikaf for twenty days. (Bukhari)

Height of generosity in Ramadan

ŸGiving charity generously in the month of Ramadan is also the sunnah of the Prophet (saw).
(Bukhari & Muslim)

Do's & Don'ts Of Fasting

Intention

•It is important to make the intention of obligatory (fard) fast before Fajr time.
( AbuDawood)

Eating before fajr (Taking Suhur ) is a recommended sunnah 

•The Prophet (saw) said, “Take Suhur, as there is a blessing in it.” (Bukhari)
•If the Fajr Adhaan starts while you are eating sehri, instead of leaving what you were eating, you should quickly eat it.( Abu Dawood)

Fasting person should not misbehave or fight 

•The Prophet (saw) said, “Fasting is a shield (or a screen or a shelter). So, the person observing fast should avoid sexual relations with his wife and should not behave foolishly and impudently, and if somebody fights with him or abuses him, he should tell him twice, ‘I am fasting.” (Bukhari)

Fasting person should not lie or commit evil deeds

•The Prophet (saw) said, “Whoever does not give up forged speech and evil actions, Allah is not in need of his leaving his food and drink (i.e. Allah will not accept his fasting.)” (Bukhari)
•Backbiting, lying, fighting, abusing, profanities and arguing corrupts the fast.(Bukhari)
• Cracking dirty jokes, obscene vulgar actions, immoral behaviour and conversations on vulgar topics are all forbidden in the state of fasting. (Ibn Khuzaima) (such things are forbidden even under normal conditions but such deeds while fasting corrupts the fast.)
Things that do and do not break the fast

  • Due to extreme heat, the fasting person is allowed to take a shower and rinse his mouth with water. This does not break the fast.(Abu Dawood)
    •Eating out of forgetfulness does not break the fast. But as soon as a the person realizes that he/she was fasting, then the food in the mouth should be immediately spitted out. (Bukhari)
    •There is no harm in swallowing the saliva while fasting.(Bukhari)
    •Applying kohl in the eyes does not break the fast.(Bukhari)
    •If the need arises, the food can be tasted (for salt etc), but it should be tasted by placing it at the edge of the tongue. But utmost care should be taken that it should not reach the throat.( Bukhari)
    •The blood that comes out of the teeth does not harm the fast however the blood should not be swallowed.
    • A fasting person is allowed to smell and wear fragrance.
    •Vomiting unintentionally does not break the fast, however if someone vomits deliberately then this breaks the fast.( Abu Dawood)
    •Letting blood by means of leeches etc (for treatment purposes) during fasting is allowed.(Sahih Bukhari)
    • If nose drops are used while fasting and if they reach the throat or the stomach, then the fast is broken. (Bukhari)
    •An injection that does not nourish and its purpose is not to provide energy or nourishment but it is only used as a medicine, then such an injection is allowed while fasting. However if the injection is the type that provides nourishment to sustain the body without food and drink then such an injection breaks the fast.
    •While fasting it is not allowed to sniff the water too high in the nose that there may be danger that the water might reach the throat.(Tirmizi)
    •A person who intentionally eats or drinks something while fasting, then he should sincerely repent and make up for the fast.
    •While fasting in Ramadan, if a husband forcefully has intercourse with his wife then this would not break the fast of the wife and she does not have to make up for it. However the husband is guilty of sin and he has to repent and make up for the fast by freeing a slave and if that is not possible then he has to fast continuously for two months and if that too is not possible then he has to feed sixty needy people. (Agreed upon)
    •A lustful thought which leads to ejaculation of semen (mani) does not break the fast. (Bukhari) However ejaculation of semen due to any other intentional activity or intimacy or due to watching immodest things breaks the fast.
    • Wet dreams, while sleeping does not invalidate the fast as this happens unintentionally.(Bukhari)
    • Discharge of Mathi – prostatic fluid while fasting does not break the fast.( Bukhari) [Mathi is the fluid discharged due to lustful arousal before semen is ejaculated]
    Masnoon and Recommended Acts while fasting
    •Eating Iftar ( eating at maghrib time to break fast) should not be delayed and should be eaten as soon as the sun sets (Maghrib time) which is a sunnah of our Prophet.(Agreed Upon)
    • The one who offers and provides iftari to a fasting person, gets the reward equivalent to a fast.
    •Using siwaak while fasting is proven from the sunnah. ( Sahih Bukhari)
    •It is a sunnah to recite the Quran and to revise it in Ramadan. ( Agreed Upon)
    • Giving charity generously in the month of Ramadan is the sunnah of our Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhe Wasallam.(Agreed Upon)
    • Taraweeh is a nafil (voluntary) prayer which is also called Tahajjud or Qayam ul Lail.
    •The masnoon rakaat of taraweeh is 8, however since it is a nafil prayer the number of rakaat can be increased or decreased.(Agreed Upon)
    • In the last ten days of Ramadan, encouraging your family to perform worship is the sunnah of Prophet Muhammad Sallallahu Alayhe Wasallam.(Agreed Upon)
    • A person who is unable to benefit from the most blessed night of the year lailatul Qadr is a loser.(Ibn Majah)
    • Lailatul Qadr should be searched in the last ten odd nights of Ramadan.(Bukhari)
    • Sitting in seclusion- Itekaf in the Masjid during Ramadan is an obligatory sunnah which is obligatory on the Muslim community (Sunnat e Mokada Kafaya) and its duration is ten days. ( Agreed Upon)
    • Women should also sit in Itekaf. (Muslim)
    • Charity of fitr (Sadqa e Fitr) is obligatory (fard) on every individual. It is not necessary to be sahib e istatat to give sadqa e fitr. Sadqa e fitr should be given before the eid prayer. (Ahmed)
    • Missed fasts of Ramadan should be kept any time before the start of the next Ramadan.(Agreed Upon)
    • Keeping six fasts in Shawwal is highly recommended after Ramadan.(Muslim)

Those who are exempted from fasting

  • A person, who due to extreme old age or an incurable disease is unable to fast, then he should feed one poor person in exchange for every day of missed fast.(Darqutni)
    • A person who was ill and left fasting in Ramadan but then later regains health and does not make up for the missed fasts and dies, then his inheritors have to make up for his missed fasts.(Agreed upon)
    • If it is difficult or dangerous for the health of the mother and child then pregnant and breast feeding women can leave the fasts, however they have to necessarily make up for the missed fasts later on.( Agreed upon)
    • It is better for a traveller to leave the fast, however there is also no harm if the traveller fasts while on a journey because sometimes Prophet (saw) observed fasting while travelling and sometimes he would leave fasting while travelling. Both are acceptable.

 

Ehkaam e Ramadan

‏”شهررمضان الذي أنزل فيه القرآن هدي للناس وبينات من الهدي والفرقان فمن شهد منكم الشهر فليصمه”

“Ramzan wo mahena hai jis mei Quran nazil kiya gaya jo tamam logon k liye hidayat hai or is mei hidayat or haq-o-batil mei imtiyaz karne wale wazeh dalail hei lehaza tum mei se jo shakhs is mahene ko pa le to us par lazim hai k pura mahena roze rakhe”
{al-Baqara # 185}

Roze ko arabi mei “صوم‏‎”‎ (SOUM) kehte hei, jis ka matlab hai “kisi chez se ruk jana”, is ki jama”صيام‎”‎ (SIYAM) hai, or “صاءم‎”‎ (SAIM) us shakhs ko kehte hei jo khane pene or izdiwaji talluq se ruk jae.
Roza ek aisi ibadat hai jo na sirf jismani tor par insan k bohot se faidu k hamil hai balke ajr-o-sawab k aitibar se bhi behtreen chez hai.
Roze ka mukammal faida hasil karne k liye zaruri hai k Quran-o-Hades k zer-e-sae ilm ki roshni mei roze k bare mei mukammal agahi hasil ho take jab ye roza Allah ki bar-gah tamam khubsurtiyu k sath pesh ho.

ROZE KI FARZIYAT:
Allah ka Farman:
“Ay eman walu ! Tum par roze farz kiye jate hei jesa k tum se pehle logon par farz kiye gae the take tum mei taqwa peda ho”
{al-Baqara # 183}

Rasul Allah ka Farman:
“islam ki bunyad 5 chezu par rakhi gai hai: Gawahi dena k Allah k siwa ko mabud-e-barhaq nahi or Muhammad Allah k Rasul hei, Namaz qaim karna, Zakat ada karna, Baitullah ka haj karna or Ramzan k Roze rakhna”
{Bukhari # 8, Muslim # 16}

ROZE KI FAZEELAT:
Rasul k Farameen:
“Roza dhaal hai”
{Tirmizi # 2616, ibne Maja # 3973}
yani dunya mei gunahu se bachne k liye dhaal hai or akhirat mei azab se bachne k liye dhaal hai.
“Jo shakhs eman ki halat mei, ehtisab ki niyat se roza rakhe us k sabiqa gunah bakhsh diye jate hei”
{Bukhari # 38, Muslim # 760}
“Allah ki rah mei ek roza rakhne se Allah roza-daar ko jahannum se 70 baras ki musafat door kar deta hai”
{Muslim # 1153}

ROZE KI HIFAZAT:
Allah ka khof rakhte hue tamam chote bare gunahu se bachna chahiye, Rasul ka Farman:
“Jis ne Roze mei jhoot or fareb kaari nahi chori to Allah ko is bat ki koi zarurat nahi k wo apna khana pena chor de”
{Bukhari # 1903}

ROZE KI NIYAT:
Rasul ka Farman:
“Amalu ka daar-o-madaar niyatu par hai”
{Bukhari # 1, Muslim # 1907}
is liye zaruri hai k apne tamam jaiz kaam mei pehle purkhulus niyat kar liya karei.
Niyat kiu k dil se talluq rakhti hai is liye zuban se ada karne ki zarurat nahi, or niyat ka zuban se ada karna Rasul ki sunnat or Sahaba k amal se sabit nahi hai.
Allah k Nabi or ap k Sahaba ba-qaidgi se roze rakhte the lekin in se niyat k alfaaz sabit nahi.
Niyat arabi lafz hai or is ka matlab hai “irada” or irada dil se kiya jata hai zuban se nahi bilkul isi tarha jese dekha ankh se jata hai kaan se nahi, dusre lafzu mei niyat dil se ki jati hai, zuban se ada nahi ki jati.
Ab ek sawal zehen mei ata hai k jo niyat k alfaz hum roze se pehle parhte hei us ki haqeeqat kiya hai?
To is ka pehla jawab to ye k ye kisi hadees se sabit nahi, or jo chez Quran-o-Hades se sabit na ho wo kitni hi khubsurat kiu na ho Allah ki bargah mei qabuliyat nahi pati.
Dusri bat ye k agar ap is dua k alfaz pe ghor karein to ap ka zehen bhi ise tasleem karne se inkar kar de ga, dua k alfaz hei:
‏”وبصوم غد نويت من شهررمضان”
“Mai niyat karta hu mah-e-ramzan k kal k roze ki”
is mei qabil-e-ghor bat hai “KAL” arabi mei “غدا‎”‎ (GHADAN) ane wale kal ko kehte hei, ab agar ko shakhs pehle ramzan ko roze se pehle kehta hai k “mai niyat karta hu kal k roze ki” to us ne dusre din ki niyat ki pehla roza to hua hi nahi, isi tarha koi shakhs akhri roze se pehle kehta hai k “mai niyat karta hu kal k roze ki” or kal eid hai or eid ka roza jaiz hi nahi, is tarha khatra hai 30 roze zaya hone ka kiu k dua mei aaj ka lafz nahi hai or jab aaj ki niyat hi nahi to roza kesa, to sabit hua k niyat k alfaz zuban se ada na karna sunnat hai.

SEHRI:
Rasul ka Farman:
“Sehri khaya karo kiu k sehri mei barkat hoti hai”
{Bukhari # 1923}
“Hamare or ehl-e-kitab k roze mei ye farq hai k wo sehri nahi khate or hum sehri khate hei”
{Abu Daud # 573}

ROZE MEIN BHOOL:
Rasul k Farman:
“agar koi shakhs bhool kar kha pi le to wo apne roze ko pura kare kiu k ye Allah ne use khilaya pilaya hai”
{Bukhari # 1933}

AFTAAR:
Rasul ka Farman:
“Jab tum dekho k rat is taraf se aa gai hai to roza-daar ko chahiye k roza aftaar kar de, or Ap ne apni ungli se mashriq ki taraf ishara kia”
{Bukhari # 1956}
is hades se malum hua k aftaar jaldi karni chahiye, ehtiyat k pesh-e-nazar aftaari mei der karna ehl-e-kitab ki adat hai jin ki mukhalfat ka hukum hai.
Allah k Nabi ne farmay:
“Hamesha deen ghalib rahe ga jab tak log roza jaldi aftaar karein ge, kiu k yahud or nasara roza kholne mei der kiya karte hei”
{Abu Daud # 582}
ek or hades mei hai:
“Log hamesha neki par rahei ge jab tak wo roza jaldi aftaar karte rahein ge”
{Bukhari # 1957}

AFTAAR KI DUA:
Aftaar se pehle aam tor pe ek dua parhi jati hai wo is tarhan hai: Muaz bin zohra kehte hei k Allah k Rasul jab aftaar karte to farmate:
“أللهم لك صمت و علي رزقك أفطرت”
ye hades sunan abu daud, jild # 2, page # 247, hades # 587 mei hai, or zaeef hai kiu k Muaz bin zohra ne Nabi k zamana nahi paya ye sahabi nahi the jab in ka sahabi hona sabit nahi to Nabi ko aftaar karte kese dekh liya?
Phir is dua mei أفطرت‎ k alfaz hei jis ka matlab hota hai “aftaar kar chuka” halanke aftaar karne wala ye dua aftaar se pehle parhta hai, lehaza aqal or naqal dono sabit hua k ye dua sahi nahi lehaza aftaar se pehle sirf بسم الله‎ parhna kafi hai.
is k ilawa logon ne is mei apni taraf se alfaz ka izafa kar dia وبك آمنت وعليك توكلت‎ in ki koi haqeeqat nahi.
Ab isi kitab k isi page par isi hades k upar ek hades hai jo sahi hai lekin maslak parastu ne ise ummat se door rakha:
Abdullah bin Umar kehte hei k Allah k Rasul jab karte to farmate:
‏”ذهب الظمأ وابتلت العروق وثبت الأجر إن شاءالله”
(zahabaz-zamau wabtallatil-Urooqu wsabatal-ajru inshaAllah)
“Piyas chali gai or ragein tar ho gaen or ajr sabit ho gaya inshaAllah”
fesla ap kijiye maine dono batein bayan kar dein.

TARAWEEH:
Rasul ka Farman:
“Jis ne eman k sath or sawab ki niyat se ramzan ka qayam kiya Allah us k pichle tamam gunah muaf farma dete hei”
{Bukhari # 2008, Muslim # 759}
“Saiyida Aysha ne farmaya: Ramzan or ghair Ramzan mei Allah k Rasul rat ki namaz 11 rakat se ziyada nahi parhte”
{Bukhari # 1147, Muslim # 738}
yani 8 rakat taraweeh or 3 witr
“Jabir bin Abdullah riwayat karte hei k Allah K Rasul ne hamei ramzan mei 8 rakat qayam-e-ramzan parhaya phir witr parhae”
{ibne-khuzaima # 1070, ibn-e-hiban # 920}
sabit hua k taraweeh 8 rakat hai 20 nahi, phir 20 rakat kiu parhi jati hai jab Rasul se sabit nahi.
Is silsile mei jab maine daryaft kiya ulama se to unhu ne mujhe bataya k “Motta imam Malik” (hades ki kitab) mei hai k Saiyadna Umar ne apne dor-e-khilafat mei 20 rakat parhane ka hukum dia, or jab maine “Motta” ko parha to mujhe herat hui k hamare ye nami girami ulama bhi jhoot bolte hei wo bhi deen mei, kiu k “Motta” mei bhi 11 rakat ka zikr hai 20 ka nahi, wo riwayat bhi ap k samne rakhta hu:
“Saib bin yazeed se riwayat hai k Umar Farooq ne Ubai bin ka’ab or Tameem dari ko hukum dia k logon ko 11 rakat qayam-e-ramzan parhaen”
{Motta, page # 100}
lehaza 20 rakat sunnat-e-Rasul se sabit nahi, 8 rakat sabit hei jis k dalail upar mojood hei.
Baitullah mei jo 20 rakat taraweeh parhai jati hai?
Pehli bat ye k haram mei 20 nahi 10, 10, kar k 2 imam taraweeh parhate hei or jab un se is bare mei pucha gaya to un ka jawab ye tha k yahan dunya bhar se log ate hei ham kisi fitne mei nahi parna chahte, baqi pure arab mei 8 rakat taraweeh hi parhai jati hai.
Bat ye hai k maslak parasti ne hamari sochne samajhne ki salahiyat salb kar kar li,
سبحانك اللهم وبحمدك أشهد أن لا إله إلا أنت أستغفرك وأتوب إليك_
والسلام عليكم ورحمة الله وبركاته